In this article we will explore some old and some new construction techniques that are considered by experts in the industry to be alternative techniques. Perhaps this information will inspire some future innovative building designs. The techniques discussed here are in random order and are not intended to display any particular construction preferences.
If you would like a building designed that is pretty quiet and contains outstanding thermal mass, use the Insulated Concrete Forms technique to construct it. Although some builders use this technique strictly for foundations, it can be used to create entire structures. Some cons to using the ICF technique is that it can be fairly expensive to build and also difficult to modify once the structure is complete.
One older construction technique that is still relatively popular is using various types of wooden logs. The materials used here can range in coping techniques with specific wood type-appropriate thermal barriers between the logs to insure an airtight structure. Detailing with this kind of technique is crucial to each project it is used for. Log construction techniques are seldom utilized for commercial structures; but in some regions of the world can be a choice preference for homes.
There is also the option of commercial modular buildings. These are non-residential and code-compliant structures which are built anywhere from 60% to 90% in an offsite environment and then delivered to its ultimate destination. Upon their arrival at this destination they are put onto a concrete foundation. The end result is a totally completed structure ready for occupancy by business owners (who then add their own specific furnishings and details to the inside of the buildings.)
An especially attractive form of commercial construction technique is known as float glass. This technique is “made by floating molten glass on a bed of molten metal, typically tin, although lead and various low melting point alloys were used in the past.” The standard result of this method is an extremely flat surface with a uniformed thickness to it. This technique is most frequently seen in beautifully constructed office buildings and sometimes entertainment-oriented buildings such as an opera house or a building where a symphony orchestra might perform. They are very lovely to look at and attract much attention wherever they exist.
Of course, one of the most-often used types of commercial construction materials is steel, especially as a building’s internal support system. In general steel is utilized in addition to the builder using other materials to construct walls and floors. Steel is an environmentally-friendly material, structurally secure and energy efficient. Additionally, it is cost effective and can be easily modified. One huge disadvantage is that steel is a conductor of heat. A second con is that; if poorly constructed, the steel can corrode over time and it must be repaired to avoid serious consequences from occurring.